Conventional daylong form: French Republic

conventional fleeting form: France

local agelong form: République Française

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local fleeting form: France

Government type: republic

Capital: Paris

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Administrative divisions: 22 regions (regions, singular - ward); Alsace, Aquitaine, Auvergne, Basse-Normandie, Bourgogne, Bretagne, Centre, Champagne-Ardenne, Corse, Franche-Comte, Haute-Normandie, Ile-de-France, Languedoc-Roussillon, Limousin, Lorraine, Midi-Pyrenees, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Pays de la Loire, Picardie, Poitou-Charentes, Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur, Rhone-Alpes.

note: municipality France is separate into 22 regions (including the "territorial collectivity" of Corse or Corsica) and is subdivided into 96 departments; see pull apart entries for the abroad departments (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Reunion) and the out of the country territorial collectivities (Mayotte, Saint Pierre and Miquelon).

Dependent areas: Bassas da India, Clipperton Island, Europa Island, French Polynesia, French Southern and Antarctic Lands, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island, New Caledonia, Tromelin Island, Wallis and Futuna.

note: the US does not make out claims to Antarctica.

Independence: 486 (unified by Clovis)

National holiday: Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)

Constitution: 28 September 1958, revised re election of president in 1962, amended to abide by beside materials of EC Maastricht Treaty in 1992, Amsterdam Treaty in 1996, Treaty of Nice in 2000; amended to change in-migration religious text 1993.

Legal system: courteous law set of contacts next to native concepts; consideration of body but not legislative acts.

Suffrage: 18 geezerhood of age; broad.

elections: president electoral by popular pick for a five-year permanent status (changed from seven-year residence in 2001); election end command 21 April and 5 May 2002 (next to be held, early coccoid NA April 2007, 2d bulblike NA May 2007); first pastor appointive by the National Assembly bulk and nominative by the business executive.

Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament or Parlement consists of the Senate or Senat (321 way - 296 for municipality France, 13 for out of the country departments and territories, and 12 for French nationals abroad; members are obliquely elected by an option academy to tennis shot nine-year terms; elective by thirds all 3 age) and the National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (577 seats; members are elected by uncultured determination below a single-member majoritarian rules to spoon out five-year lingo).

Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Appeals or Cour de Cassation, judges are appointive by the business executive from nominations of the High Council of the Judiciary; Constitutional Council or Conseil Constitutionnel, three members appointed by the president, 3 members appointive by the corporate executive of the National Assembly, and cardinal nominative by the corporate executive of the Senate; Council of State or Conseil d'Etat.

Political parties and leaders: Citizens Movement or MdC [Jean Pierre CHEVENEMENT]; Communist, Republican, and Citizen or CRC (mainly PCF) [leader NA]; Democratic and European Social Rally or RDES (mainly RAD and PRG) [leader NA]; French Communist Party or PCF [Robert HUE]; Generation Ecology [Brice LALONDE]; Independent Ecological Movement or MEI [Antoine WAECHTER]; Left Radical Party or PRG (previously Radical Socialist Party or PRS and the Left Radical Movement or MRG) [Jean-Michel BAYLET]; Liberal-Christian Right [Charles MILLON]; Liberal Democracy or DL (originally Republican Party or PR) [Alain MADELIN]; Movement for France or MPF [Philippe DE VILLIERS]; Movement of Reformers [Jean-Pierre SOISSON]; National Front or FN [Jean-Marie LE PEN]; National Republican Movement [Bruno MEGRET]; Popular Party for French Democracy or PPDF [Herve DE CHARETTE]; Radical Party or RP [Francois LOOS]; Rally for France or RPF [Charles PASQUA]; Rally for the Republic or RPR [Michelle ALLIOT-MARIE]; Republicans and Independents or RI (mainly DL) [leader NA]; Socialist Party or PS [Francois HOLLANDE]; The Greens [Dominique VOYNET]; Union for French Democracy or UDF (coalition of DL, CDS, UDF, RP, and otherwise parties) [Francois BAYROU]; Union for the
Presidential Majority or UMP (includes RPR, DL, more than a few UDF, and RPF) [Alain JUPPE]; Union of the Center or UDC [leader NA].

Political anxiety groups and leaders: Communist-controlled labor grouping (Confederation Generale du Travail) or CGT, almost 2.4 million members (claimed); separatist labour coalition or Force Ouvriere, 1 million members (est.); unaffiliated clerical federal or Confederation Generale des Cadres, 340,000 members (claimed); Movement of French Enterprises (Mouvement des entrprises de France) or MEDEF; entry - signature in use to be National Council of French Employers (Conseil National du Patronat Francais) or CNPF or Patronat; Socialist-leaning toil grouping (Confederation Francaise Democratique du Travail) or CFDT, going on for 800,000 members (est.).

International supervision participation: ACCT, AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group, BDEAC, BIS, CCC, CDB (non-regional), CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECA (associate), ECE, ECLAC, EIB, EMU, ESA, ESCAP, EU, FAO, FZ, G- 5, G- 7, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, InOC, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, MIPONUH, MONUC, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, SPC, UN, UN Security Council, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNIKOM, UNITAR, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNOMIG, UNRWA, UNTSO, UNU, UPU, WADB (nonregional), WCL, WEU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC.

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